ATRI Research evaluates charging infrastructure challenges for the U.S. EV fleet

ATRI Research evaluates charging infrastructure challenges for the U.S. EV fleet

The American Transportation Research Institute (ATRI) released a new report that assesses the infrastructure requirements for converting the U.S. vehicle fleet to battery electric. This analysis, a 2021 top priority of ATRI’s Research Advisory Committee, focused on three critical challenges for nationwide vehicle electrification:

  • U.S. Electricity Supply and Demand
  • Electric Vehicle Production
  • Truck Charging Requirements

The study found that full electrification of the U.S. vehicle fleet would require a large percentage of the country’s present electricity generation. Domestic long-haul trucking would use more than 10% of the electricity generated in the country today – while an all-electric U.S. vehicle fleet would use more than 40%. Some individual states would need to generate as much as 60% more electricity than is presently produced.

ATRI’s analysis also quantified the tens of millions of tons of cobalt, graphite, lithium and nickel that will be needed to replace the existing U.S. vehicle fleet with battery electric vehicles (BEV), placing high demand on raw materials. Depending on the material, electrification of the U.S. vehicle fleet would require 6.3 to 34.9 years of current global production. This is the equivalent of 8.4 to 64.4% of global reserves for just the U.S. vehicle fleet.

Finally, it was found that charging the nation’s long-haul truck fleet will prove challenging, partially due to the ongoing truck parking crisis. Current technology will necessitate more chargers than there are truck parking spaces in the U.S., with hardware and installation costs of $112,000 per unit, or more than $35 billion system-wide.

Beyond BEV automobiles, the report concludes that while there are certain applications for BEV trucks, a completely new charging infrastructure is critical to increasing BEV truck adoption by the trucking industry. Furthermore, the research documents that existing raw material mining for BEV batteries will likely need to be re-sourced with an emphasis on domestic mining and production. 

A copy of the full report is available through ATRI’s website.

You May Also Like

Peterbilt offers Cummins X15N natural gas engine in Models 579, 567, 520

Orders are scheduled for production in Q3 of this year.

2024-cummins-X15N-Fuel-Agnostic-engine

Peterbilt is now offering the new Cummins X15N natural gas engine as an alternative fuel option on the Model 579, 567 and 520 trucks with orders scheduled for production in Q3 2024.

“The new Xl5N natural gas engine provides another environmentally-friendly solution for Peterbilt customers committed to sustainability and reducing their carbon footprint,” said Jake Montero, Peterbilt assistant general manager, sales and marketing.

Range Energy receives $23.5M in new financing for electric trailers

This recent funding follows the company’s $8M seed round from November 2022, bringing total funding to $31.5M.

Range-energy-trailer
MEMA responds to finalized EPA Phase 3 standards

MEMA and its members welcome the EPA’s final rule for Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards for Heavy-Duty Vehicles.

Mema-the-vehicle-suppliers-association-epa-phase-3-emissions-heavy-duty
The search is on: Returning initiative to reward military veteran driver with Kenworth T680

The competition is searching for America’s top rookie military veteran driver, who transitioned into trucking after military service.

Kenworth-T680-donated-transition-trucking-military-veterans
Full Truck Alliance releases 2023 fiscal report

FTA says y/y net revenues and fulfilled orders were up considerably, while its net income more than quadrupled from 2022.

transprotation-market-generic

Other Posts

Greenlane plans for EV chargers stretching from Los Angeles to Las Vegas

When complete, the 280-mile commercial EV charging corridor will have more than 100 chargers and facilities with modern amenities.

Greenlane-commercial-EV-charging-corridor
Daimler rolls out BEV dealer certification program

DTNA sys the in-depth program covers 75+ criteria in 4 key areas: safety, charging infrastructure, dealership infrastructure, and training.

Daimler-EV-certification-program
First Rizon Class 4-5 electric trucks delivered in California

The CARB certified EVs are starting to be delivered to customers in CA, orders will continue to be fulfilled throughout spring.

Daimler-Rizon-EV-truck-California
Freightliner’s first EM2 BEV trucks now in service

Pitt Ohio, a transportation, warehouse, and logistics services company, is the first to deploy the eM2.

Daimler-Freightliner-eM2-BEV-PITT-OHIO