Exhaust system check

Exhaust system check

When your truck’s exhaust system is running well, the truck is quieter, exhaust emissions are low, and the back pressure within the system is balanced. You don’t want the muffler to put enough baffles in the exhaust flow so that it shuts down the sound, because it would also shut down the flow. If the flow becomes too high, the sound increases as well. Let the back pressure go too high, and the engine will stall because the fuel/air mixture is bottled up in the combustion chamber.

Make sure your exhaust system is operating at peak performance by following these tips from Kenworth:

Noisy exhaust system:
• Flex tubing is the first place to look for noise leaks –– inexpensive tubing is usually the first spot to fail. Flex tubing should always be installed in a half-extended state. Fully-extended flex tubing will cause premature failure. Never use flex tubing to form an exhaust pipe bend; use elbows instead. If you are considering trying to repair flexible tubing, be aware that patching doesn’t do the job; it just doesn’t last. It’s best to replace the entire section.

• Make sure that the hangers supporting the exhaust system are not too loose and not too tight, or they will cause noise.

• A resonator can be installed to cancel out “bad” sound.

• Installing a dual muffler/”Y” connector system can reduce noise. The “Y” connector is installed so that two pipes run out of the original one. They each lead to a muffler. The result is that each pipe’s noise is reduced by more than half.
Around the muffler: Inspect the area around clamps for cracks and rust-through. Noise and soot can escape from these places. Escaping exhaust gases can lead to the truck driver being poisoned by carbon monoxide.

Check elbows, stacks and exhaust pipes. Dented or crushed tubing restricts exhaust flow and increases back pressure. Even small dents will reduce fuel economy and increase turbocharger wear. Large dents drastically reduce fuel economy by increasing bearing and lower cylinder wear. They will also raise exhaust temperatures.

Don’t have a rain cap on your stack pipe? Consider getting one. While mufflers will prevent rain, melted snow, and sleet from going through the muffler back to the engine, a rain cap will prevent a slurry of soot from being blown onto the trailer. Clamps should be checked for cracking. Clamps also should not be reused –– like other bolted components, they can stretch and weaken over time.

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