Winter of our discontent: Truck maintenance and fuel tips for winter

Truck maintenance and fuel tips for winter


This is a winter we won’t soon forget. Temperatures in the sub zero range across the country and snow covering roads from north to south have made it a treacherous time for those who make their living on the road—and a challenging time for fleet managers who must make sure vehicles are road-ready and prepared to handle the elements. Here are some tips to help.

Winter truck maintenance tips

“Keep a vehicle running at highway speeds in extreme temperatures (as opposed to idling) so that it can reach the temperature threshold required for the regeneration and diesel engine fluid cycling processes,” advises Bill Dawson, Ryder’s vice president of maintenance and engineering. “Plug in the engine block heater on all diesel trucks each night, even when the temperature feels warm. The longer a truck sits, the more crucial it is to plug it in. Be sure the vehicle is at normal operating temperature when you plug in your block heater. Block heaters maintain temperature; they are not designed to heat coolant from ambient temperatures.

“In addition, avoid cold soaks,” he continues. “Cold soaks occur when the engine fluids and the steel of the engine block drop to low ambient temperatures. This happens when a vehicle sits for more than a day and it impacts starting and charging systems.”

Winter fleet fueling tips

Dawson points out that proper maintenance of vehicle fuel tanks is an essential part of achieving a trouble-free, lower-cost winter operation. Most diesel fuel in the U.S. is now Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD) and, while ULSD’s lower sulfur content improves air quality, it also presents some unique challenges that need to be addressed when winterizing your fuel to avoid fuel-related problems. Winter preparedness tips include:

  • Fuel additives: When temperatures drop below 20°F, add a diesel fuel anti-gel additive to your fuel tank.
  • Winter blend: Ensure that you have quality winter blend fuel in your tank.
  • Fuel tank: Keep your fuel tank half full. Condensation can build up in a near-empty gas tank in extremely cold temperatures. This can cause fuel line freeze-up and no-start conditions.
  • Plan ahead: Think in terms of the geographic coldest points to which that the vehicle will travel and treat fuel accordingly. Be sure to get a correctly blended fuel with a cloud point additive to prevent fuel filter waxing. Base your fuel needs on your destination weather. Use winter weight fuel when driving north and consider fuel additives.

Additional checks

Other parts and systems you should have regularly checked to be sure they are operating optimally include: brakes; battery; ignition system; radiator coolant, hoses and belts; tires; fluid levels including anti-freeze and thermostat to avoid freezing; windshield wiper blades and de-icing washer fluid; headlights, taillights, brake lights, blinkers, and emergency flashers; fuel and air filters; oil levels and power steering fluids; and door locks, which should be properly lubricated to avoid freezing.

“Have drivers pre-trip their trucks daily,” Dawson adds. “This should include inspecting their vehicle for frozen components like trailer doors, power cords, etc. If they have any safety, starting, fuel or heater defroster-related problems, drivers should report those immediately.”

For more information, visit

You May Also Like

Peterbilt GM Jason Skoog charts today’s truck support, tomorrow’s truck solutions

Peterbilt made headlines recently when it became the first major North American OEM to open orders for an electric truck, the Peterbilt 220EV. In this exclusive interview, Peterbilt General Manager and PACCAR Vice President Jason Skoog details the technology investments that are keeping fleets productive during this year’s trying pandemic and laying the groundwork for

Peterbilt General Manager PACCAR Technology Electric Truck

Peterbilt made headlines recently when it became the first major North American OEM to open orders for an electric truck, the Peterbilt 220EV. In this exclusive interview, Peterbilt General Manager and PACCAR Vice President Jason Skoog details the technology investments that are keeping fleets productive during this year's trying pandemic and laying the groundwork for the electric trucks that Peterbilt aims to start rolling off the line by the end of the year. Click the story above to read.

What’s behind the slow adoption of FA-4 oil?

Introduced three years ago, the American Petroleum Institute (API)’s CK-4 and FA-4 oil categories were billed as the next generation of oil, improving on the engine protection and fuel economy benefits offered by previous engine oil categories.

How will today’s ‘customer focus’ translate to tomorrow’s electric trucks?

Over the past three years, OEMs have invested heavily in driver-focused equipment benefits—from cozy creature comforts to uptime- and productivity-boosting technology. Today, significant R&D investment is going into the development of electric trucks—probing the possibilities of untested powertrains in hopes of producing a product that meets application needs.

Benchmarking success: Utility fleets are using performance metrics to drive measurable improvements

Fleet executives at the annual Electric Utility Fleet Managers Conference (EUFMC), discussed benchmarking. For fleet managers on the panel, using data and performance metrics is a means of showing opportunities for improvement, through which cost savings can be realized.

Sleeper supremacy: A focus on the customer has led to more fleets spec’ing large, decked-out sleepers

Across the business world, companies are becoming more and more interested in emulating the success of Amazon. It’s a model that many truck OEMs are now following as they sharpen their focus on fleet customers, learn what equipment will meet the customers’ needs and deliver the products that they want.


Other Posts

Keep your trailers in great shape in winter

There are two main areas of concern for trailers in the winter: keeping the trailer clean of deicers and other debris, and keeping moisture out of the trailer itself.

Yokohama Tire releases ‘extreme traction’ drive tire

Yokohama says it is suited for trucks running snowy and icy routes.

How to avoid the effects of harsh winters on your truck’s batteries

The time to avoid winter’s effects on the truck’s batteries is actually in the summer, not the winter.

The right preventative maintenance to avoid frozen air lines in the winter

Simply put: you don’t want your truck’s air lines to freeze.

OTR Air Lines